This page contains information about certain Vitamins and Minerals which you may find of interest.
Supplements are not intended as a substitute for a healthy balanced diet but an addition to it.
It is advisable for anyone who is pregnant, pre and post pregnancy, has allergies or known medical conditions to consult your GP or medical practitioner before taking supplements.
Maintains the health of the skin and mucous membranes such as the lining of the respiratory and urinary tract. Necessary for proper vision, especially at night, immune function, correct bone development and growth.
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin):
Needed for the release of energy from carbohydrates and fats; prevents the build-up of toxic substances in the body which may damage the heart and nervous system; aids the fuctioning of the nervous system.
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin):
Needed for converting proteins, fats, and carbohydrates into energy and for the functioning of vitamin B6 and niacin. Also important for the skin.
Vitamin B3 (Niacin):
Vital for energy release in tissues and cells and to form neurotransmitters. Helps to maintain healthy skin, nervous and digestive systems.
Vitamin B5 (Pantotheinic Acid):
Helps to release energy from food. Essential to the synthesis of cholesterol, fat and red blood cells.
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine):
Helps to release energy from proteins. Vital for maintaining a healthy nervous system, skin, muscles and the formation of red blood cells.
Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin):
Needed for red blood cell production, cell division, the making of DNA and RNA and maintenance of the protective sheath (myelin) that surround nerves. Vegans in particular may require additional amounts of this vitamin.
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid):
An antioxidant which helps white blood cells fight infection. Needed to make collagen, a protein essential for healthy gums, teeth, bones, cartilage and skin; neurotransmitters such as noradrenaline and serotonin. Also needed for healthy skin and enhances absorption of iron from plant food (non-meat sources). Megadoses (excess) should not be taken by pregnant women.
Vitamin D (Calciferols):
Needed to absorb calcium and phosphorous for strong bones and teeth.
Vitamin E (Tocopherols):
Protective antioxidant vitamin, it mops up substances called “free radicals”. Needed for the health of the heart and circulation, nerves, muscles and red blood cells.
Vitamin K (Phylloquinone menaquinone):
Necessary in forming certain proteins and needed for normal blood clotting.
An antioxidant which mops up “free radicals”, which, in excess, can cause damage to cells and tissues.
Involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats, releases energy from food. Needed for healthy skin and hair.
Essential for growth and reproduction of cells, particularly red bloods, cell division and the making of DNA and RNA. Particularly important as a supplement for women of childbearing age.
Plays a vital role in the release of energy from foods. Needed for healthy growth and the production of antibodies.
Needed for healthy strong bones and teeth, and for the functioning of nerves and muscles.
Required for the regulation of blood sugar (glucose) levels. May also have a role in controlling blood fat (cholesterol).
Component (with zinc and manganese) of an antioxidant enzyme system which protects against free radicals. Needed for melanin (skin pigment) formation and the absorption of iron.
Needed for the production of thyroid hormones that regulate metabolic rate.
Carries vital oxygen around the body as part of the blood pigment haemoglobin.
Plays a role in bone and teeth structure. Central to energy release and the functioning of nerves and muscles. Also important for cardiovascular health.
Component (with copper and zinc) of an antioxidant enzyme system which protects against free radicals. Needed for sex hormone formations, healthy bones, joints and the nervous system.
Involved in iron metabolism and in the production of uric acid (a waste product found in urine). Necessary for normal sexual function in males.
Helps to form and maintain healthy bones and teeth; essential for the absorption of many nutrients. A component of ATP, the immediate source of energy in muscle tissue.
Works with sodium to maintain the fluid and electrolyte balance within cells, to keep regular heartbeat and to maintain normal blood pressure. Essential for the transmission of all nerve impulses.
Antioxidant mineral which helps protect the delicate fatty parts of cells from going rancid, needed for healthy liver tissue. Necessary for normal sexual developments.
Works with potassium to regulate fluid balance. Essential for nerve and muscle function.
Excess can cause fluid retention, high blood pressure which can lead to strokes, heart and kidney failure.
Component (with copper and manganese) of an antioxidant enzyme system which protects against free radicals. Needed for healthy reproductive and immune systems. Also required for tissue repair and renewal and for sense of taste and smell.